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*Authors*
**are Seeking Publisher for this Book:**

February 26, 2004

“Unitary Quantum Theory and New Energy Sources”

Y.A. Ryabov

V.A. Boichenko

The proposed book will have 4 chapters and contain about 24
printer’s sheets. Let us make a brief review of the book by chapter:

The first chapter will deal with the general
theoretical basics of the unitary quantum theory. In the standard quantum
theory a microparticle is described with the help of a wave function with a
probability interpretation, which does not follow from the strict mathematical
formalism of the nonrelativistic quantum theory, but is simply postulated. A
particle is represented as a dot being a source of a field, but it is not
reduced to the field itself, and nothing can be said about its “structure”
except these vague words. There is a school in physics (going back to Clifford,
Einstein and Louis de Broglie), where a particle is represented as a clot (wave
packet) of a certain unified field. According to Gemmer’s classification, this
is a unitary program. The purpose of the program can be most clearly expressed
using Einstein’s own words: “We could regard substance as such areas of space
where a field is immense. From this point of view, a thrown stone is an area of
immense field intensity moving at the stone’s speed. In such new physics there
would be no place for substance and field, since field would be the only
reality,… and the laws of movement would automatically ensue from the laws of
field”.

The trouble of all the previous attempts
(Schrodinger, Louis de Broglie, etc.) was that they tried to construct a
particle from the de Broglie waves, whose dispersion is such that any wave
packet becomes blurred and spreads over the whole space, whereas introduction
of nonlinearity would greatly complicate the task, but would not lead to the
problem solution.

The Unitary Quantum Theory (UQT) represents a
particle as a certain wave packet of partial waves with linear dispersion.
Dispersion can be chosen in such a way that the wave packet would be
periodically spread and assembled in movement, and the envelope of the process
would coincide with the wave function. On the basis of this idea a
relativistic-invariant model of such a unitary quantum field theory was built.
A particle in it is described with the help of a 32-component wave packet. The
equation contains 32x32 matrixes dependent on 4-speed. During a limit
transition it leads strictly (!) to the relativistic Hamilton-Jacobi equation
of the classic mechanics, and in case of creep speeds (when all the 4-speed
components are moving towards zero), 8 similar Dirac equations follow from the
UQT equation system.

Further, mass is naturally replaced in the equations
with the integral of the field bilinear combination along the whole object,
producing a system of 32 nonlinear integral-differential equations, which in
the scalar case allowed the authors to calculate to within 0.3% the extensible
electric charge and the fine structure constant. Quantification of the electric
charge emerging as a balance between dispersion and nonlinearity became clear
from the point of view of physics. Usually dispersion and nonlinearity bring
about destruction of the wave packet, but for certain types of wave packet
forms and amplitudes mutual compensation of these processes is possible, and
the packet periodically appears and disappears in movement at the de Broglie
wavelength, but it preserves its form.

A basic theory of microparticle to macrodevice
interaction has been laid. The probability interpretation of the wave function
is now not postulated, like it was earlier, but follows strictly from the
mathematical formalism of the theory.

This approach makes the unitary quantum theory
absolutely vivid. For example, the tunnel effect completely loses its
mysteriousness in the following way: when a particle approaches a potential
barrier in such a phase when the amplitude of the wave packet is small, all the
equations become linear, and the particle does not even “notice” the barrier.
During another phase, when the packet amplitude is big, nonlinear interaction
begins, and it can be reflected. The particle birth and disintegration
mechanisms become completely natural as splitting up of wave packets. This
approach regards all interactions and processes as a result of the only process
of diffraction and interference of packets on one another because of
nonlinearity.

The second chapter deals with the approximate
equation of an isolated particle with an oscillating charge. At first such an
equation was made on the basis of the UQT heuristic considerations, but later
it was received directly from the Schrodinger equation for very low energies.
It describes in certain problems the behaviour of microparticles as classic
particles whose charge oscillates and is in complicated dependence on the time,
speed and coordinate. In such an approach the tunnel effects also depends on
the wave function phase, which was earlier a superfluous parametre in the
standard quantum theory, since only the wave function module square had a
physical sense, and the phase did not effect it. With the new approach the
situation is different. If a particle approaches a high potential barrier in a
phase when its charge is very small, the repellent force is also small, and it
can overcome the barrier by climbing it, while in another phase it will
reverberate. Such an equation was applied to standard quantum-mechanical
problems: particle dispersion, tunnel effect, harmonious oscillator, Kepler
problem for individual particles, etc. Some analytic solutions and
computational modeling methods were also studied, since the equation with the
oscillating charge had put a number of problems in the math computational
methods.

But what is the most unexpected and intriguing is the
absence of energy and impulse conservation laws for an isolated particle, when
its behaviour is described with the help of an equation with the oscillating
charge, since it has no translation invariance. To be more exact, such
invariance exists only for numbers divisible by p.
This means that for some initial values the conservation laws exist, and for
other they do not.

A look at the origin of fundamental conservation laws
for self-contained mechanic systems shows that they follow from the Newton
equations (references to thermodynamics have no grounds whatsoever, because
they are postulated in it), but the latter themselves follow from the
quantum-mechanic equations, which are certainly of a more fundamental
character.

The standard quantum theory for isolated processes
can predict only the probability of this or that event, and so there are no
conservation laws for isolated events. They appear only in case of transition
to classical mechanics, when big numbers of particles are summed up. The
conservation laws appear in the macrocosm in a similar way in the UQT. But now
the existence of a phase (controllable) opens up a number of wonderful spheres
in science and technology (especially energy).

Chapter 3 deals with the application of the equation with
the oscillating charge for interpreting rich experimental material, which does
not at all fit in the framework of the standard quantum-mechanic science. Thus,
the UQT, and later the equation with the oscillating charge, made it possible
to predict in 1983 the phenomenon of cold nuclear fusion, which was discovered
only in 1989.

This is a totally unexpected opportunity for making
nuclear reactions with very small energy values. A barrier to the most probable
D-D reaction under the normal very low energy conditions is made by a very high
Coulomb barrier. In the UQT, deuteron (as calculations show) can overcome it
with a definite value of the initial phase.

Numerous facts, absolutely impossible in modern
science, will be analyzed on the basis of a solution to the harmonious
oscillator problem, and others:

anomalous heat production in cold nuclear
fusion reactions (when nuclear reaction products are millions of times less
numerous than is required to explain the heat effects);

cold nucleus transmutation;

production of superfluous thermal energy
in numerous cavity installations;

sources of excess energy based on
anomalous gas discharge;

mysterious processes of electric current
passage through quantum wires, and possibility to create new electronic devices
using a completely new electronic flow control principle based on the idea of
the dependence of the tunnel effect on the wave function phase;

numerous new energy sources, as well as
absolutely unexplainable today experimental phenomena, will be reviewed and analyzed.

Chapter 4 will briefly review a possible theory and a
general approach to the chemical catalysis problem. Many chemical catalysis
problems exist today, but on the whole the problem remains absolutely unclear,
because it is not at all comprehensible where additional energy for chemical
reactions comes from. Chemical reactions of
polysaccharide decomposition (lysozyme) are known, which disrupt the
connection energy of up to 3 el-V. For water decomposition, thrice-weaker
connection has to be broken. If such a water-decomposing catalyst is found (and
the UQT can offer steps in the right direction), it will bring about a
revolutionary change in motor transport and energy. There are reports that such
catalysts have already been found, and an automobile operating on simple water
without using any additional energy is being tested in Japan.

Many catalysis theories conceal energy shortage, and
thus are unable to make both ends meet, since practically all the existing
science is built on conservation laws, which have heretofore been regarded as
unshakable. Constant progress of the scientific knowledge leads, however, to
limited applicability of these fundamental laws. Nature once already made such
a trick with the laws for the Mankind; just remember the story of weak
interactions, and the chaos they made in physics. The existing conservation
laws are the few things that survived the chaos. It is but natural that the
Newton conservation laws will not be influenced by any science developments.

We would like to remind that the standard quantum
theory predicts only a probability for isolated events, and there are no
conservation laws for them. That is why to create inexhaustible energy sources
you can just be able to collect events with the required result, e.g. for
energy generation, and then all the energy requirements of the mankind could be
solved by a method totally friendly for the environment. Mass usage of such
technologies in the future will raise the problem of heat environmental
pollution, since nearly all the resultant energy always finds itself in the
thermal energy garbage heap. The UQT, unlike the standard quantum mechanics
(just allowing for creation of new energy sources), offers the ways of doing
it.

The book will be authored by Russian Professors of
physics and mathematics, and will be meant for physicists, mathematicians, and
restless engineers, who often shock the official science with their experiments
and devices.

Nearly all the principal ideas and results of the
book were published by some of the authors in different magazines, or at
international conferences. We shall enumerate only part of such publications:

Literature:

1.
L.G. Sapogin. “Deuteron
Interaction in Unitary Quantum Theory”. “On the Mechanism of Cold Nuclear
Fusion”, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion,
Vol. 4, Theory and Special Topics Papers TR-104188-V4, July (1994), (Hawaii).

2.
L.G. Sapogin. “Deuteron
Interaction in Unitary Quantum Theory”. “On the Mechanism of Cold Nuclear
Fusion”, Fusion Source Book. International Symposium on Cold Fusion and
Advanced Energy Sources, Belarusian State University. Minsk, Belarus, May 24-26
(1991).

3.
L.G. Sapogin. “Unitary
Field and Quantum Mechanics”, Investigation of Systems (in Russian),
Vladivostok, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, NO. 2, p.54 (1973).

4.
L.G. Sapogin. “On
Unitary Quantum Mechanics”, Nuovo Cimento, vol. 53A, No. 2, p. 251 (1979).

5.
L.G. Sapogin. “A
Unitary Quantum Field Theory”, Annales de la Fondation Louis de Broglie, vol.
5, No. 4, 285 (1980).

6.
L.G. Sapogin. “A
Statistical Theory of Measurements in Unitary Quantum Mechanics”, Nuovo
Cimento, vol. 70B, No. 1, p. 80 (1982).

7.
L.G. Sapogin. “A
Statistical Theory of the Detector in Unitary Quantum Mechanics”, Nuovo
Cimento, vol. 71B, No. 3, p. 246 (1982).

8.
V.A. Boichenko, L.G.
Sapogin. “On the Equation of the Unitary Quantum Theory”, Annales de la
Fondation Louis de Broglie, vol. 9, No. 3, 221 (1984).

9.
L.G. Sapogin, V.A.
Boichenko. “On the Solution of One Nonlinear Equation”, Nuovo Cimento, vol.
102B, No. 4, p.433 (1988).

10.
L.G. Sapogin, V.A.
Boichenko. “On the Charge and Mass of Particles in Unitary Quantum Theory”,
Nuovo Cimento, vol. 104A, No.10, p. 1483 (1991).

11.
L.G. Sapogin. “Visual
Microcosm”, Tekhnika Molodezhi, No. 1, p. 41 (1983).

12.
L.G. Sapogin. “On One of
the Energy Generation Mechanisms in Unitary Quantum Theory”. Infinite Energy
[E. Mallove, editor], vol. 1, No. 2, p. 38 (1995); Proceedings of the ICCF5, p.
361, April 9-13 (1995), Monte-Carlo; Proceedings of the 2^{nd} Russian
Conference CNFNT (in Russian) p. 18-24, Sochi, September 19-23 (1994); Cold
Fusion, No. 11, p. 10 (1995).

13.
L.G. Sapogin, I.V.
Kulikov. “Cold Nuclear Fusion in the Unitary Quantum Theory”, Chinese Journal
of Nuclear Physics, vol. 17, No. 4, p. 360-370 (1995).

14.
L.G. Sapogin. “Energy
Generation Processes and Cold Nuclear Fusion in Terms of the Schrodinger
Equation”, Chinese Journal of Nuclear Physics, vol. 19, No. 2, p. 115-120,
1997.

15.
L.G. Sapogin. “Energy
Generation Processes and Cold Nuclear Fusion in Terms of the Schrodinger
Equation”, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion.
Progress in New Hydrogen Energy, October 13-18 (1996), Japan, vol. 2, p.
595-600.

16.
L.G. Sapogin. “The
Theory of Excess Energy in PACD Reactor. In: Proceedings of ICCF-7, Vancouver,
April 1998; Infinite Energy, No. 20, 1998, p. 49.

17.
L.G. Sapogin. “Is This
Really True?” Journal “Infinite Energy”, issue 32, 2000.

18.
L.G. Sapogin, Yu.A. Ryabov, V.V. Graboshnikov, New Source
of Energy from

the Point of View of Unitary
Quantum Theory, Journal of New Energy

Technologies, published by Faraday Laboratories Ltd,
issue #3(6), 2002.

19.
L.G. Sapogin, Yu.A. Ryabov, V.V. Graboshnikov, New Source
of Energy from the Point of View of Unitary Quantum Theory, Journal of New
Energy, vol.6, #2,2001.

20.
L.G. Sapogin, Yu.A.
Ryabov,”Spontaneous Polarization of some Glasses and

Inexhaustible Energy
Source of Direct Current”. Journal of New Energy

Technologies,
published by Faraday Laboratories Ltd, #9, p.14-18,2002.

Authors:
Professor L.G. Sapogin.

Professor Y.A. Ryabov

Professor V.A. Boichenko

Unitary Quantum Theory, http://UQT.innoplaza.net

**Download:**** ****Article "New Sources of Energy from the Point
of View of Unitary Quantum Theory" by Sapogin, Ryabov and Graboshnikov
(0.5 Mb).
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